A male dentist shows a white woman in her 30s a picture of an x-ray to explain what dentures are made of.

What are Dentures Made of?

1 minute to read

Posted: Mar 14, 2021

You may have heard the expression ‘the clothes make the man [or woman]’, but perhaps you haven’t heard ‘materials make the denture’ – OK, we made that last one up, but it’s true. Just like a good tailor who takes your measurements and sews up a snazzy suit for you, your dentist does a similar thing: Making made-to-measure dentures from quality materials. If you’re curious about what each denture component is made from and what dentures are generally made of, then read on.

What Are Full Dentures Made Of: The Base

Let’s talk all about that base. Your dentures’ base is the foundational structure that gives your false teeth support and is made using the several impressions your dentist will make.

Materials typically used in denture bases:

  • Acrylic resin, which serves as the base of the complete denture, retains the denture teeth, and emulates the gingiva of supporting teeth.

What Are Partial Dentures Made Of: The Framework

Partial dentures use a framework that holds your dentures in place. You can get denture frameworks made from many materials, such as:

  • Base metal alloys. This is the most popular material used for the framework of a partial denture as it’s strong, less likely to break, and provides a better fit, not to mention it’s ideal for partial plates.

  • Cobalt Chromium. A very strong substance that makes a popular choice for denture frameworks.

  • Acrylic resin. This material is not as strong nor does it fit as well as metal frame dentures.

  • Flexible polymer. This is a type of nylon that’s found in Valplast dentures, which has a flexible base that can blend in seamlessly with your gums, making it a good denture material.

What Are False Teeth Of A Denture Made Of?

Your new pearly whites may not be made of actual pearls, but rather they are made from acrylic resin. This type of material adheres more securely to the base of your denture. It is also easier to adjust, it’s less expensive than porcelain, and it’s also much lighter. The downside of acrylic resin is it wears down faster, and you may need to replace it every half a decade or so.

The Difference Between Acrylic (Plastic) Vs. Metal (Cobalt Chromium) Partial Dentures

When it comes to choosing acrylic dentures or metal ones, there are various factors to consider. If you have a few remaining teeth, then a metal denture may be preferable for you.

There are many benefits to metal dentures, like they offer:

  • Stable clasps

  • Stronger support

  • Less bulky

  • Fit better

  • Leave your palate uncovered.

Of course, there are cons as well to consider with metal dentures:

  • It’s expensive.

  • It’s aesthetically less attractive—although only the clasps will show, it’s possible to see them.

  • It takes longer to make a metal denture.

Getting dentures is a personal choice, so discuss your options with your dentist to find the right option for you.

Frequently Asked Questions About Denture Materials

What materials are used to make dentures?

Dentures are made from many different materials, including:

  • acrylic

  • Cobalt Chromium.

What is the pink part of the dentures made of?

The pink part of the dentures—which is meant to resemble the gums—is made from acrylic.

There are so many options when it comes to getting your dentures made. Although the cost of getting dentures is a significant factor, you may also want to consider quality, longevity, and colour when you’re deciding. Talk to your dentist to find the right denture for you.